The first of Italy’s grape-grower/winemaker consortiums was established on May 14, 1924, when a group of 33 producers gathered in Radda in Chianti to create a consortium to protect Chianti wine and its trademark of origin. In fact, famous Chianti wine was being imitated in other parts of Tuscany and it was necessary to set up an organization to prevent imitations and simultaneously promote a wine territory already delimited in 1716 by an edict issued by Grand Duke of Tuscany Cosimo III. Members of the newly founded consortium immediately chose as a trademark the Gallo Nero (Black Rooster), historic symbol of the ancient Chianti Military League, and by the end of September 1924 the Consortium had 189 members.
From 1924 to 1967 the Consortium was engaged in long and difficult legal battles to obtain exclusive recognition of the fact that wines made in Chianti territory are different from the wines made elsewhere in Tuscany. A first important step in this direction was the 1932 ministerial decree that identified seven distinct zones of Chianti wine production: the wine made within Chianti’s geographical borders was permitted to use the adjective “Classico” to distinguish it from the others. This concession acknowledged the wine’s territoriality, origin and primogeniture well before the denomination system was introduced. From that moment on, “Classico” meant “the first” or “the original.” Another milestone was reached in 1967 with the approval of a decree recognizing a single Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC) for Chianti, within which “Classico” was regulated as a wine with more selective characteristics.
In 1984 Chianti - and consequently the oldest zone of origin, Chianti Classico - obtained Denomination of Origin Controlled and Guaranteed (D.O.C.G.) status, the highest recognition for fine Italian wines. Three years later, in 1987, and in anticipation of an imminent law that would oblige tutelary consortiums to grant the trademark to all users of the appellation, the Consortium divided its operations between two organizations: the Consorzio Vino Chianti Classico (Chianti Classico Wine Consortium), which was engaged in protection and oversight, and the Consorzio Gallo Nero (later the Consorzio del Marchio Storico-Chianti Classico or Historic Chianti Classico Brand Consortium) devoted instead to promoting and valorizing wines bearing the Gallo Nero trademark. Finally, concluding a 70-year legal itinerary, a ministerial decree issued on August 5, 1996 gave Chianti Classico its own D.O.C.G., with production regulations different from those for Chianti wine. Since then Chianti and Chianti Classico have been two separate denominations, with different regulations and production zones.


Chianti is a product that has made Tuscany famous throughout the world. The clay-limestone soil combined with a favourable climate is ideal for grape cultivation. Rules for the production of Chianti were fixed as early as the 19th century and in 1932 regulations, governing the number of vines that could be grown per hector and the grape varieties to be used, were set. The area of production touches the provinces of Arezzo, Florence, Pisa, Pistoia, Prato and Siena. It’s such a vast area that is subdivided in zones of production such as Classico, Colli Aretini, Colli Fiorentini, Colli Senesi, Colline Pisane, Montalbano, Rufina and Montespertoli.
Very interesting the rediscovery of typology “Superiore”. In 1984 Chianti was recognised as Denominazione di Origine Conrollata e Garantita (DOCG) and this means, beyond analityc verification, that it has to pass an organoleptic exam by special tasting commission of the local Chamber of Commerce. The mark applied to the bottle means it has complied the regulations and that it’s 100% traceable.

ristorante castellina in chiantiOSTERIA ALLA PIAZZA
si mangia nella veranda con una vista mozzafiato sui vigneti del Chianti

Bed & Breakfast vicino a SienaCASA LUCIA
Bed & Breakfast, Ristorante ed Enoteca vicino a Siena

agriturismo a greve in chiantiLA PRESURA
appartamenti e camere per le tue vacanze in toscana - Greve in Chianti